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  1. OMG Specification

Data Distribution Service — Open Issues

  • Acronym: DDS
  • Issues Count: 12
  • Description: Issues not resolved
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Issues not resolved

Issues Descriptions

Attributes_on_the_data

  • Key: DDS11-10
  • Legacy Issue Number: 6733
  • Status: open  
  • Source: Boeing ( Matthew Liu)
  • Summary:

    Attributes_on_the_data Issue [Boeing SOSCOE] ? The DDS API forces the data to be written to be encapsulated into a single IDL structure. Moreover IDL-generated structures do not support pointers to other structures. ? These limitations are constraining the kinds of things that a layer such as SOSCOE can do. For example, it would be desirable to allow the DDS DataWriter to filter or perform other actions on information that is not “part of the data”. Not “being part of the data” means the attributes: • Are propagated along with the message (1-to-1 relationship) to the reader. • May be used for filtering, or intercepted by layers above DDS (e.g. SOSCOE). • Do not get passed to the read or take calls ? The problem is that since the DataWriter takes a single “compacted” data-structure, any additional information, whether introduced by the user-app or the SOSCOE layer must be somehow copied into the data and thus force the introduction of new data-types. ? In other words it would be desirable for DDS so provide some hook that would allow a user or a layer such as SOSCOE to add additional information to the “user-level” data that is then used by DDS to filter on. The filtering would then occur on the additional information provided by the SOSCOE layer and not by the application that is writing the data. There are three main ways to use this • The additional SOSCOE information, would be supplied in conjunction with every write operation. So the filtering is evaluated on every write. This may be too inefficient in some cases and therefore there should also be a way to turn off the filtering also (e.g. by providing an empty set of attributes). • The additional SOSCOE information is provided by some other means than a parameter to the write (e.g. a set_attributes(InstanceHandle_t, Attributes)) call on the DataWriter) so that the filtering does not examine every data-sample for filtering; rather it is performed on information that changes at much slower rate. For example, there is the concept of a “geographical region” in which the information lives; the filtering applies to getting information that is within our region of interest, and re-evaluation of the filter only occurs each time the region changes which is much rarer than the actual data changing. • The attributes could be attached to the instance by means of a separate API. These additional attributes would then be passed to the serialization as well as the filter operations. The deserialization would also need to handle them. This approach would meet SOSCOE’s requirements and has the advantage of not forcing filters to be re-evaluated each write; they would only be evaluated if the attributes change. Proposal [Boeing SOSCOE] ? Add a set of attributes (name-value pairs) (ref Issue#2035) that are provided separately from the data and can then be used to do the filtering. ? This allows reusing the same data with different attributes and thus filter it differently. ? Name-value pair representation would also potentially allow sending a partial list of attributes ? Filtering can be done on this name-attribute pairs. Similar to ContentFilteredTopic but the filtering is done on the attributes, not the data. Note that the ContentFilteredTopic may not know enough about the data. The data may be marshaled and encrypted. The brokering of the data may be done by nodes that do not know how to unmarshal/decrypt the data.

  • Reported: DDS 1.0b1 — Thu, 18 Dec 2003 05:00 GMT
  • Updated: Wed, 11 Mar 2015 11:15 GMT

ref-1053 Missing is_composition

  • Key: DDS11-3
  • Legacy Issue Number: 7065
  • Status: open  
  • Source: THALES ( Virginie Watine)
  • Summary:

    The is_composition operation is described in the PIM, but is not in the IDL.
    It concerns the valuettype RefRelation, ListRelatrion, IntMapRelation, and
    StrMapRelation.

        • Proposal
          add the following operation
          boolean is_composition(); on those valuetypes
  • Reported: DDS 1.0 — Thu, 4 Mar 2004 05:00 GMT
  • Updated: Wed, 11 Mar 2015 11:15 GMT

Ref-232 Allow_reader_to_access_partition_of_writer

  • Key: DDS11-2
  • Legacy Issue Number: 6860
  • Status: open  
  • Source: Real-Time Innovations ( Gerardo Pardo-Castellote)
  • Summary:

    Some applications would like to see originating partition as part of
    sample info. Thisis specially important if the application subscribes
    with wildcards to any partition

    There is a concern, however, with putting the information in the
    SampleInfo as it is a cost that has to be paid every time a sample is
    returned.

    Perhaps the SampleInfo is just an interface so that there are
    operations to access stuff and the cost can be performed as needed.

    **PROPOSAL**

    No concrete proposal as it would be hard to represent in IDL but it
    would be nice if such API was offered.

  • Reported: DDS 1.0b1 — Tue, 23 Dec 2003 05:00 GMT
  • Updated: Wed, 11 Mar 2015 11:15 GMT

Detection_of_dynamic_qos_failure Issue

  • Key: DDS11-4
  • Legacy Issue Number: 6737
  • Status: open  
  • Source: Boeing ( Matthew Liu)
  • Summary:

    Issue# 2080 Detection_of_dynamic_qos_failure Issue [Boeing SOSCOE] ? DDS does not provide the complete means for a user of the DDS API to detect “dynamic” failure of QoS and other “configuration” changes that may be important. For example: • LATENCY_BUDGET (on the receiver side). • Messages dropped due to lack of resources (on the receiver side) • Messages lost when QoS is RELIABLE KEEP_ALL (related to Issue# 2070) • Changes on the ownership of data-instances. • Addition of a remote DataReader that matches a local DataWriter. Removal of a remote DataReader that matches a local DataWriter. • Addition of a remote DataWriter to a local DataReader; removal of a remote DataWriter to a local DataReader. • Changes in “liveliness” of a remote DataReader of a local DataWriter. The symmetric situation, that is changes in liveliness of a remote DataWriter to a local DataReader does have a listener in the DataReader. Proposal [Boeing SOSCOE] ? Add the missing operations to the proper listeners

  • Reported: DDS 1.0b1 — Thu, 18 Dec 2003 05:00 GMT
  • Updated: Wed, 11 Mar 2015 11:15 GMT

Extension_to_the_query_language

  • Key: DDS11-12
  • Legacy Issue Number: 6732
  • Status: open  
  • Source: Boeing ( Matthew Liu)
  • Summary:

    Issue# 2035 Extension_to_the_query_language Issue [Boeing SOSCOE] ? SOSCOE has a need to allow function expressions to be added to the query language ? SOSCOE has created a provider property class that allows applications to have attributes with typed values; it becomes a triplet (name, type, value). Currently the “type” only supports simple types, but the intent is to extend it to well-known structured types. Proposal [Boeing] ? Extend the query language to allow user defined function expressions ? Extend the query language to allow user defined structured types

  • Reported: DDS 1.0b1 — Thu, 18 Dec 2003 05:00 GMT
  • Updated: Wed, 11 Mar 2015 11:15 GMT

Ref-167 Malloc_required_for_get_default_qos

  • Key: DDS11-1
  • Legacy Issue Number: 6852
  • Status: open  
  • Source: Real-Time Innovations ( Gerardo Pardo-Castellote)
  • Summary:

    The problem is with the QoS that have dynamically-sized things inside,
    namely PARTITION (string) and USER_DATA (sequence). These fields force
    a "malloc" each time the structure is copied out (even if a
    pre-allocated structure is passed in)

    Moreover copies may also result in memory allocation and frees. Can't
    this be avoided?

    In the C mapping copies would then require the use of an explicit
    function rather than direct assignment

    One possibility would be to refactor the USER_DATA and PARTITION into
    a more generic NAME-value pair infrastructure. Allow these to be set
    with a different API (i.e. not by means of QoS, but as direct
    operation on the Entity). These avoids all the above problems

    **PROPOSAL**

    No concrete proposal yet

  • Reported: DDS 1.0b1 — Tue, 23 Dec 2003 05:00 GMT
  • Updated: Wed, 11 Mar 2015 11:15 GMT

Additional_qos_THROUGHPUT Issue

  • Key: DDS11-5
  • Legacy Issue Number: 6741
  • Status: open  
  • Source: Boeing ( Matthew Liu)
  • Summary:

    Issue# 2110 Additional_qos_THROUGHPUT Issue [Boeing SOSCOE] ? The DDS specification has no provision to control the amount of bandwidth that the different entities can consume. ? Ideally the user of the DDS API could indicate bandwidth limits and also reserve bandwidth in a way that could then be mapped by the service into the underlying transport facilities, for the cases where those facilities are there. ? At a minimum the user would like to indicate bandwidth limits in bytes per second. Although low level, this kind of unit would make more sense than something like messages-per-second because each data-type, or maybe even each particular write to an instance may be of a different size. ? There is also the case where the communication infrastructure needs to communicate to the application how much bandwidth it can expect to have. This can also change dynamically based on current network conditions. The application can then take advantage of this knowledge to configure itself so that only the more important messages are sent. ? All we need is something that can be passed to the API; the middleware does not need to do anything with it. ? Not clear how it can be implemented or how it interacts with things. But there is a requirement that there is a way to specify this QoS. This comes from streaming type applications. They want to be able to reserve some bandwidth.

    Proposal [Boeing SOSCOE] ? No concrete action is proposed at this time. The precise definition is fairly involved. However there is a general desire to be able to allocate and control bandwidth utilization so it would be nice if approaches would be explored. Comment [RTI] ? The fundamental problem is how to map this to the DDS model. The DDS spec. does not have a model for the Transport or expose to the user which entities (writers / readers) are associated with each transport. It is in fact possible that a single write to an Entity may result on multiple messages each over a different transport, its all hidden from the application. ? So the first thing would be to introduce some model on how the entities interact with the transport. Where are the TranportPlugins installed (globally, per participant, per Connector), what are the transport “resources” (e.g. in RTI’s TPI the SendResource, and ReceiveResource) and how they map to the DDS entities. ? Introducing a QoS that limits the bandwidth used by each DataWriter would be straightforward. Similarly for a QoS that attempts to reserve certain amount of bandwidth for a particular DataWriter. The DDS implementation who knows what transports it is associated with would then map it to the appropriate transport calls. The problem is that it would apply indiscriminately to all transports. ? For the case of EndpointConnectors if transports were explicitly associated with the connector, then it may also be possible to set this kind of QoS. It would then apply to all the DataReaders and DataWriters in the EndpointConnector. ? Regarding the listeners, presumably the callbacks would refer to the bandwidth changes on each transport resource. So for the user of the DDS API to make sense of this they would need that mode/map to DDS entities.

  • Reported: DDS 1.0b1 — Thu, 18 Dec 2003 05:00 GMT
  • Updated: Wed, 11 Mar 2015 11:15 GMT

DDS ISSUE# 50] Multiple observers sharing a datareader

  • Key: DDS11-8
  • Legacy Issue Number: 6850
  • Status: open  
  • Source: Real-Time Innovations ( Gerardo Pardo-Castellote)
  • Summary:

    Ref-166 Allow_multiple_observers_on_a_datareader

    Currently there can only be one "observer" on each DataReader. In
    other words, it is not possible to have some independent application
    observe the data that a DataReader gets without at the same time
    affecting the sample-state and this the behavior of other
    data-readers.

    It is often the case that debugging tool, an interceptor or some other
    utility would like to access the data available on the DataReader
    without making its presence noted and thus changing the behavior of
    other readers. This is particularly relevant for the built-in topics.

    **PROPOSAL**

    Add an operation: DataReader:: create_view that returns a
    DataReader. This affects 2.2.2.4.1 and the IDL in 2.2.3

    This DataReader is a view on the same DataReader so it has the same
    QoS and listeners.

    The application can use the original DataReader or a view to perform
    any operations allowed on a DataReader.

    A change of QoS or listener in one view or on the main object affects
    the main object and all views.

    Read and Take operations act independently on each view. The
    application must take the data from all views before it can be removed
    from the infrastructure and the resources reclaimed.

  • Reported: DDS 1.0b1 — Tue, 23 Dec 2003 05:00 GMT
  • Updated: Wed, 11 Mar 2015 11:15 GMT

Filtered_out_lifecycle_state Issue

  • Key: DDS11-11
  • Legacy Issue Number: 6734
  • Status: open  
  • Source: Boeing ( Matthew Liu)
  • Summary:

    Issue# 2050 Filtered_out_lifecycle_state Issue [Boeing SOSCOE] ? Sometimes the receiving application needs to know that data is being filtered-out. In some use cases this situation is different from the case where data is not being produced. ? A related question is whether the presence of filters (content-based, time-based) can be the cause of a DataReader to miss a requested deadline. It depends whether the deadline is interpreted to mean that data is produced at that rate, or else that data that passes the filter must be produced at that rate. ? SOSCOE thinks that the filter should not cause a deadline to be missed, rather the reader should receive explicit notification that the data was filtered-out. At least that data is starting to be filtered-out, not necessarily each time something is filtered out. ? In any case filters should not cause loss of liveliness. ? A typical use-case may be that a display-device is showing the tanks in a certain area (the one relevant to that particular display). The display has a filter to indicate that region of interest. When the tank leaves the region of interest, the display wants to know that. That way it can stop displaying it; however the display does not want to internally discard all the information about the tank immediately in case the tank appears again. The display needs to therefore know that the data for that tank instance is being filtered out. This situation is different from missing a deadline which may indicate that the data is not being generated as intended. ? Note that if a filter is present and a deadline is set, it would be necessary for the implementation to send some information to the reader so that the deadline would not fire. However, bandwidth is very important in some cases, so sending any information when the data is being filtered may be too expensive. ? One option may be to have the application change the deadline to a larger value when it finds out that the data is being filtered. Another possibility is to specify two values of the deadline, one when the data is not filtered and the other when the data is being filtered (the second one could be specified along with the filter). In this case the information that the middleware implementation sends to avoid missing the deadline could be sent at the lower rate. ? This facility may be hard to implement for all cases. For example in the case where the filter is applied at the source and the reliability QoS is BEST_EFFORTS it is not guaranteed that said notification would be received by the reader. If this is indeed the case then we would not require the filtered-out notification to be guaranteed if the reliability setting is BEST_EFFORTS. Proposal [Boeing SOSCOE] ? Add FILTERED_OUT lifecycle state to allow user to know that data is being filtered out. The usage of this state should be an option for the user. ? If the option is on, the state is set on a sample when the sample was filtered out and the previous sample was not filtered out. Only one notification of filtering is required, not one per sample being filtered. ? Optionally introduce a deadline_while_filtered QoS on the ContentFilteredTopic which would transition the deadline to a larger value when the data is being filtered.

  • Reported: DDS 1.0b1 — Thu, 18 Dec 2003 05:00 GMT
  • Updated: Wed, 11 Mar 2015 11:15 GMT

DDS ISSUE# 51] Avoid use of dynamic memory for manipulating QoS

  • Key: DDS11-9
  • Legacy Issue Number: 6851
  • Status: open  
  • Source: Real-Time Innovations ( Gerardo Pardo-Castellote)
  • Summary:

    Ref-122 Make_incompatible_qos_fixed_size

    The structures RequestedIncompatibleQosStatus and
    RequestedIncompatibleQosStatus each contain a sequence listing each
    QoS and the corresponding count.

    However given that we have explicitly enumerated all the QoS policies
    it would be far simpler to replace this hard-to-use sequence with the
    actual counts for each QoS

    One possibility would be to Replace this "policies" sequence with
    explicit count for each QoS. Anotehr possibility would be to use the
    mask. To state which QoS are incompatible but loose the count.

    **PROPOSAL**

    No concrete proposal yet

  • Reported: DDS 1.0b1 — Tue, 23 Dec 2003 05:00 GMT
  • Updated: Wed, 11 Mar 2015 11:15 GMT

DDS ISSUE# 47] Allow application to not specify a timstamp

  • Key: DDS11-6
  • Legacy Issue Number: 6847
  • Status: open  
  • Source: Real-Time Innovations ( Gerardo Pardo-Castellote)
  • Summary:

    Ref-157 Ability_of_the_application_to_not_specify_a_timestamp

    Getting a timestamp can be an expensive operation. It is desirable
    that the application can configure a datawriter such that it does not
    get/send the timestamp

    The option of letting the application not set a timestamp by means of
    calling write_w_timestamp() and passing TIME_INVALID is not good
    because certain QoS such as DESTINATION_ORDER BY_SOURCE_TIMESTAMP
    require this. Also it would be hard to manage if the application could
    sometimes specify a timestamp and sometimes not for the same
    DataWriter/instance.

    **PROPOSAL**

    Add an "receptionTimestamp" field to the SampleInfo.

    Make the DESTINATION_ORDER also an offered QoS on the DataWriter. For
    compatibility BY_SOURCE_TIMESTAMP>BY_DESTINATION_TIMESTAMP, that is if
    you offer SOURCE_TIMESTAMP you can accommodate both kinds or readers.

    Add the QoS WRITER_TIMESTAMP and READER_TIMESTAMP.

    The SOURCE_TIMESTAMP has a kind that can be NOT_PROVIDED and PROVIDED.
    And is set on both the DataWriter and the DataReader and also on
    Topic. It has request/offered semantics where PROVIDED > NOT_PROVIDED.

    The RECEPTION_TIMESTAMP is only set in the DataReader or Topic and has
    a kind that can be NOT_PROVIDED and PROVIDED.

    The SOURCE _TIMESTAMP indicates that data must be timestamped when
    sent.

    The RECEPTION_TIMESTAMP indicates that data must be timestamped when
    received.

    DESTINATION_ORDER BY_SOURCE_TIMESTAMP requires that the SOURCE
    _TIMESTAMP is set to PROVIDED otherwise we will flag an INCOMPATIBLE
    QoS.

    If SOURCE _TIMESTAMP.kind== NOT_PROVIDED, then the DataWriter ::write
    operation does not put any timestamp and the xxx_w_timestamp operation
    silently ignores the timestamp and behaves normally. Upon reception
    the sourceTimestamp field in the SampleInfo will be TIME_INVALID

    If SOURCE _TIMESTAMP.kind== PROVIDED, then the write operation will
    automatically get the timestamp by some means (i.e. the middleware
    will do it), the xxx_w_timestamp will allow the application to provide
    the timestamp. In either case the data will be sent with a timestamp
    and the SampleInfo.sourceTimestamp field will never be TIME_INVALID

    It is allowed for RECEPTION_TIMESTAMP to be NOT_PROVIDED and the the
    DESTINATION_ORDER to be BY_RECEPTION_TIMESTAMP because what matter is
    the relative order and that does not require to get a true
    timestamp. If this is too confusing we could rename
    BY_RECEPTION_TIMESTAMP to be BY_RECEPTION_ORDER

    If RECEPTION_TIMESTAMP is NOT_PROVIDED then the
    SampleInfo.receptionTimestamp will always be TIME_INVALID. Otherwise
    it will never be TIME_INVALID By default the source-timestamp is
    provided.

  • Reported: DDS 1.0b1 — Tue, 23 Dec 2003 05:00 GMT
  • Updated: Wed, 11 Mar 2015 11:15 GMT

Key_separate_from_data Issue

  • Key: DDS11-7
  • Legacy Issue Number: 6742
  • Status: open  
  • Source: Boeing ( Matthew Liu)
  • Summary:

    Issue# 2120 Key_separate_from_data Issue [Boeing SOSCOE] ? Keyed data is important but having the key being part of the data leads to duplication or copying into other types of structures. ? Note that this issue is not too critical. SOSCOE has worked around it by creating a container type that copies the data inside. Proposal [Boeing SOSCOE] ? Split the keys out from the data type. The idea would be to have the write operations take two parameters, one for the data and the other for the key. The same would apply to the reader side. Comment [RTI] ? Maybe this can already be accommodated with a small extension of the DDS API. If we had a DataReader::register_type that took only the key, then we could say that provided that the InstanceHandle_t is passed to the write() operation it is not required for the data to contain the key. ? This issue is exacerbated by the fact that IDL does not allow structures to contain pointers to other structures. If this limitation was not present, then it would reasonable for the user of the DDS API to define a wrapper data-type that would just contain pointers to the Key and to the data-blub. Note that there are other languages’ such as ITU’s ODL (object description language) that are extension to OMG’s IDL and do allow this pointer syntax. However, for now we would have to rely on the individual vendors to implement this feature which would be technically quite simple. ? Separating the key from the data would require DDS that the definition of a Topic would involve not just the specification of the data-type, but also the key-type. Also the implied IDL that represents the type-specific data-writers and data-readers would need to now be generated for each combination of data-type and key-type. There is no standard way to indicate in the IDL file what those combinations are so it would not be so simple for the code-generator to determine this. These problems do not arise if we followed the first approach to allow pointers within the structures. Comment [Boeing SOSCOE] ? The register instance_by_key, would also help this particular scenario.

  • Reported: DDS 1.0b1 — Thu, 18 Dec 2003 05:00 GMT
  • Updated: Wed, 11 Mar 2015 11:15 GMT