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  1. OMG Issue

SYSML14 — View and Viewpoint Property Limitations (from Issue 18391 a) and f))

  • Key: SYSML14-30
  • Legacy Issue Number: 18653
  • Status: closed  
  • Source: INCOSE ( Sanford Friedenthal)
  • Summary:


    Jet Propulsion Lab (Chris Delp –

    INCOSE (Sanford A. Friedenthal –


    This issue represents issues a) and f) from Issue 18391 – View and Viewpoint Limitations in Support of Auto-View Generation. An important capability of a model based approach is the ability to automatically generate Views of the information from the model to support specific stakeholder Viewpoints. These Views may include the presentation of the modeling information in multiple forms such as diagrams, tables, or entire documents captured in different formats (e.g., MS Word, html, ppt, video). The View and Viewpoint constructs in SysML were included to aid in the automatic generation of Views, by enabling the specification of the View information and its presentation to address the stakeholder concerns. The View generation is generally implemented by other rendering applications.

    At the SE DSIG meeting on June 18, 2012 in Cambridge, several individuals presented and demonstrated common practices for View generation from a model that are providing value to end users. The presentations are available from the Cambridge SE DSIG meeting page. The practices required the users and vendors to further extend View and Viewpoint in different ways to overcome inherent limitations in order to leverage their respective View generation capabilities. The lack of a standard approach limits interchange and requires that each user and vendor include their unique extensions.

    The specific limitations of View and Viewpoint are described below. For background, the Viewpoint and View descriptions in the SysML specification v1.3 currently read as follows:

    Viewpoint: A Viewpoint is a specification of the conventions and rules for constructing and using a view for the purpose of addressing a set of stakeholder concerns. The languages and methods for specifying a view may reference languages and methods in another viewpoint. They specify the elements expected to be represented in the view, and may be formally or informally defined. For example, the security viewpoint may require the security requirements, security functional and physical architecture, and security test cases.

    View: A View is a representation of a whole system or subsystem from the perspective of a single viewpoint. Views are allowed to import other elements including other packages and other views that conform to the viewpoint.

    Based on the above descriptions, the Viewpoint specifies how to construct a View, and the View is a representation that conforms to this specification.

    Some of the limitations that have been identified include the following:

    a) Viewpoint method limitations. The current Viewpoint contains a property called method that is typed by a text string (methods:String[*]). In order to auto-generate Views, the Viewpoint should include provisions to more formally specify ‘the conventions and rules for constructing and using a view’. This may include specifying executable methods to query the model that extract the desired information from the model, and present the information to the stakeholders. Viewpoint methods must be capable of specifying the scope of the information to be rendered, how the information should be rendered, as well as other methods related to checking, validating, or otherwise analyzing the information. The scope of the information may include information from other data sources not contained directly in the model. (Note: Standard methods may be captured in a method library that specify how to query, transform, analyze, present, and render data.)

    b) Viewpoint property limitations. Some of the Viewpoint properties, such as stakeholder, concern, and modeling language are currently typed as text strings, and may be better represented by other types. For cases where these elements are common among different viewpoints, there is no way to model these elements or the relationships between them. In a large-scale model, this becomes very difficult to scale. In particular, it is difficult to reuse the model elements such as stakeholder across different viewpoints, and it is difficult to perform automated checking of the viewpoints based on these viewpoint properties. The viewpoint properties should be typed by model elements that enable this reuse and checking.

  • Reported: SysML 1.3 — Thu, 11 Apr 2013 04:00 GMT
  • Disposition: Resolved — SysML 1.4
  • Disposition Summary:

    The following resolution is proposed for ballot 5. The other issues will be addressed
    in a separate ballot.
    Relative to issue a), the current viewpoint property for method is typed by string. The
    following changes are intended to enable the viewpoint method to be specified by a
    Relative to issue b), the current viewpoint property for stakeholder is typed by a
    string. The following changes are intended to enable stakeholder to be represented
    by a Stakeholder stereotype that extends classifier, so that it can be reused.
    In addition, the current viewpoint property for language is typed by a string. The
    following change types language by string, but adds clarification that this string
    represents the language metamodel or profile URI.

  • Updated: Fri, 6 Mar 2015 20:58 GMT